Which of the Following Is a Normative Economic Statement

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Which of the following is a normative economic statement: Economics is a fascinating field of study that seeks to understand how individuals, businesses, and governments make decisions about the allocation of scarce resources. One important distinction in economics is between positive and normative statements.

Positive statements describe what is, while normative statements express judgments about what ought to be. Knowing what thin lines differentiate these two is crucial for analyzing economic policies and debates.

So, if you have once come across the question, ‘Which of the following is a normative economic statement’ and wondering what the right answer is, this article will help. Just keep reading.

Which of the Following Is a Normative Economic Statement?

  1. Economics is a social science that studies human behavior
  2. The federal minimum wages should be raised to $4.50 per hour
  3. Microeconomics deals with the behavior of the individuals
  4. The United States spends a $1 trillion on national defence

The normative statement is a statement that expresses a value judgment about whether a situation is desirable or undesirable.

Whenever such a question above comes up, you need to take your time to analyze the options that follow to identify the right answer. Here, the answer is option B. “The federal minimum wages should be raised to $4.50 per hour”.

It is a normative economic statement as it expresses a judgment about what should be the case rather than describing what is currently happening in the economy. It is an opinion on what the minimum wage should be, based on some normative criteria, such as fairness or efficiency.

On the other hand, the other three options are positive economic statements, which describe the world as it is and do not involve any value judgment. So the right answer is B.

Now that we have the answer to the question, ‘Which of the following is a normative economic statement’ let’s take things a step further to have a more comprehensive knowledge of the subject.

What Exactly Is Normative Economic?

Normative economics is a branch of economics that deals with value judgments and recommendations about what ought to be done in the economy. It is concerned with issues of fairness, equity, and efficiency and aims to prescribe how resources should be allocated in society to achieve certain goals.

Normative economic statements are subjective and involve personal beliefs, opinions, and values. They are often expressed in terms of policy prescriptions, such as “the government should increase spending on education” or “taxes should be raised on the wealthy to reduce income inequality.”

Take note of the world ‘Should.’ It is a common word to look out for in normative statements. Another world is ‘must.’

How Is It Different from Positive Economics?

Normative economics is different from positive economics. Positive economics is more concerned with describing how the economy actually functions without making value judgments.

Therefore, positive economic statements are objective and can be tested and verified using empirical evidence.

What Are More Examples of Normative Economic Statements?

We need to tidy this up well. The next time you come across the question, ‘Which of the following is a normative economic statement?’ it may not come with the same options as above. So, let’s see some more examples of such statements and closely see the similarities in them.

  1. The government should provide free healthcare to all citizens.
  2. The minimum wage should be increased to reduce poverty.
  3. The rich should pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes to reduce income inequality.
  4. The government must invest in renewable energy to combat climate change.
  5. The legal retirement age should be increased to ensure the sustainability of social security programs.
  6. The government should provide subsidies to small businesses to promote entrepreneurship and job creation.
  7. Public education should be funded adequately to ensure equal opportunities for all students.
  8. The prices of essential goods should be regulated to protect consumers from exploitation.
  9. The income gap between men and women should be eliminated through government policies.

Which Is Better; Normative Economics or Positive Economics?

Neither normative economics nor positive economics is inherently “better” than the other, as they serve different purposes and have different strengths and limitations.

Positive economics is concerned with describing and explaining how the economy works, without making value judgments. Positive statements can be tested using empirical evidence, which makes them more objective and scientifically rigorous.

It is essential for understanding the behavior of individuals, businesses, and governments, and for predicting the effects of economic policies.

On the other hand, normative economics is concerned with making value judgments about what ought to be done in the economy. It derives its judgment from subjective criteria such as equity, efficiency, and fairness.

Normative statements are subjective and cannot be tested using empirical evidence, which makes them more controversial and open to debate.

When it comes to getting a guide for decision-making and policy formulation in areas such as taxation, government spending, etc., normative economics will be the best shot!

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